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Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis

Bracted Balsam Fir

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Description

The bracted balsam fir, also called "Canaan fir" is an evergreen fir native to the northeastern United States and Canada. Growing upwards of 50 feet with short dark-green to blue-green needles, it has a narrow pyramidal form with upswept branches. It is primarily grown as a Christmas tree by the nursery trade but may be used as a specimen conifer in the garden. This fir is differentiated from the species by the conspicuous papery bracts protruding from the cones. It is only found in a few spots in the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia to New Hampshire, and in Quebec. A balled-and-burlapped tree used for a holiday display can be transplanted to a home garden if it hasn't been indoors in warm, dry air for too long. It requires good, loose soil. It will not thrive for too long in areas with hot, dry summers.

Soil
Moderate
Plant Shape
Pyramidal
Exposure
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Bloom Time
March - April
Bloom Color
Green
Landscape Use
Shade Tree, Specimen Plant
Wildlife Interest
Native to Midwest
Plant Type
Tree
Hardiness Zone
3 - 6