There are over 35 different species of bugbane or Actaea,
spanning Europe, Asia, and North America. They're generally woodland
plants, happiest in dappled shade and cool, consistently moist soil.
Most form mounds of toothed leaves and then in mid-summer send up tall spikes
of tightly packed flowers, often followed by conspicuous berries. NOTE:
Berries are poisonous to people and rabbits; harmless to birds and
Most bloom white, though there are pink varieties. Gardeners welcome those flowers as a tall vertical element in woodland gardens or shady border, especially because Actaeas bloom later in the season than most shade plants. The common name of bugbane comes from their ability to repel insects and in earlier times they were used to get rid of bedbugs.
Partial Shade, Full Shade
July - August, September - October
Bedding or Border, Understory
Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Resistant To Deer