Actaea rubra

Red Baneberry

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Red baneberry is a tough Illinois native. In fact, it can survive temperatures to 30 below on the one hand, and wildfires on the other. And it looks great throughout the growing season. You get  fluffy little white "bunny tails" of flowers in late spring;  handsome foliage throughout summer; and clusters of red berries in the fall.

There are over 35 different species of bugbane or Actaea, spanning Europe, Asia, and North America. They're generally woodland plants, happiest in dappled shade and cool, consistently moist soil. Most form mounds of toothed leaves and then in mid-summer send up spikes of tightly packed flowers, often followed by conspicuous berries. NOTE: Berries are poisonous to people and rabbits; harmless to birds and butterflies.
Plant Shape
Partial Shade, Full Shade
Bloom Time
May - June
Bloom Color
Landscape Use
Bedding or Border, Understory
Wildlife Interest
Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Resistant To Deer, Native to Midwest
Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
3 - 7