Carl von Linné (1707-1778)
Flora Lapponica.
Amsterdam: Salomon Schouten, 1737.
By the eighteenth century, thousands of new plants were arriving in Europe from all parts of the globe, yet there was no universal system for naming and organizing them.

Swedish physician and explorer Carolus Linnaeus developed a naming system that revolutionized the study of plants. Although he was not the first to suggest the system called binomial nomenclature, he was the first to apply it to the known plants of the world and publish the results. His influential reference books laid the foundation for a new era of plant exploration and study.

Early Botanical Books | A Common Language For Discovery |
| Exploring The World | Discovering America's Plants |

Plants in Print: The Age of Botanical Discovery is a collaboration
between the United States Botanic Garden and the Chicago Botanic Garden
to share the rich history of botany and plant exploration with a nationwide audience.

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Photographs by William Biderbost © Chicago Botanic Garden